Water in the Wimmera system is stored in three on-stream reservoirs (Lake Wartook on the MacKenzie River, Lake Lonsdale on Mount William Creek and Lake Bellfield on Fyans Creek) and in several off-stream storages (Taylors Lake, Lake Fyans, and Toolondo Reservoir). A channel system enables water to be moved between several storages. Water can also be transferred from Rocklands Reservoir in the Glenelg system to the Wimmera system via the Rocklands-Toolondo Channel and from Moora Moora Reservoir via the Moora Channel. The connected storages and channels are collectively called the Wimmera-Mallee System Headworks. Water harvested in the system headworks is used for town, stock, and domestic supply throughout the Wimmera catchment and parts of the Avoca, Hopkins, Loddon, Glenelg, and Mallee catchments. Passing flows are provided to the Wimmera River and lower Mount William and Fyans creeks.
Priority reaches in the Wimmera system that can receive water for the environment are Wimmera River reaches 3 and 4, MacKenzie River reaches 2 and 3, upper and lower Mount William Creek, upper and lower Burnt Creek, and Bungalally Creek.
Yarriambiack Creek is a distributary of the upper Wimmera River that would have naturally received flow during high-flow events. Modifications to the Yarriambiack Creek offtake increase flow rates in Yarriambiack Creek compared to what would have naturally happened, but they reduce the flow rates to the high-priority reaches of the Wimmera River.
Two wetlands in the Wimmera system are also included in the environmental watering program.
Dock Lake, near Horsham, would have naturally filled via spills from nearby Green Lake when there was significant run-off from the northern edge of the Grampians. In the 1930s, Dock Lake was modified to allow it to be used as a water storage for irrigation supply in the Wimmera-Mallee system. Dock Lake was removed from the supply system after the Wimmera-Mallee Pipeline was completed in 2010. Water can be actively delivered to Dock Lake from Green Lake via a gravity-fed channel when there is sufficient water in Green Lake.
Ranch Billabong, near Dimboola, is located on land managed by the Barengi Gadjin Land Council Aboriginal Corporation. The billabong was disconnected from the Wimmera River by changes to a road that traverses land between the river and the billabong. Restoring elements of the natural water regime at Ranch Billabong aims to improve habitat for native animal and plant communities and is an important outcome for Traditional Owners and their Nations.
Proportion of water entitlements in the Wimmera system held by private users, water corporations and environmental water holders on 30 June 2020